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SSD upgrade

Nowadays, more and more users would like to use SSDs for their computers. In this article, MiniTool Partition Wizard will introduce SSD upgrade in detail and provide the method to upgrade to SSD. Hope you can benefit from this guide.

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You might have noticed that users have increasingly higher requirements for storage devices due to demanding tasks and heavy data to be saved. To get out of the dilemma, it is always a nice solution to upgrade the original disk to a larger and faster one.

In today’s article, I will show you how to make SSD upgrade for your computer. Just keep reading to get the detailed information.

What is SSD

Generally speaking, here are two types of disks available for users: solid-state drive (SSD) and hard disk drive (HDD). Both of them enjoy some advantages, but most users would like to choose SSD.

SSD is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies to save data persistently. It uses flash memory, a non-volatile computer memory storage medium. Different from HDD which uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information, SSD doesn’t have moving mechanical components, which makes SSD less fragile.

What’s more important, SSD provides better performance and some other outstanding features. Because of this, SSD becomes a preferred choice for most users who want to boost computer performance. But at the same time, SSD offers smaller capacity and is generally more expensive than HDD.

Tip: If you want to learn about further information about SSD and HDD, our previous article should be helpful: SSD VS HDD: What's Difference? Which One Should You Use in PC?

About SSD Upgrade

It is true that most ordinary users might shrink back at the sight of the high price of SSDs and then turn to HDDs which enjoy larger storage but less cost. However, in the past few years, SSDs have gotten inexpensive enough that most users could afford a 512GB+ drive.

Therefore, to replace hard drive with SSD has become one of the most cost-effective solutions to improving performance for users, especially for video game enthusiasts. You can consider making SSD upgrade under any of the following situations:

  • Your computer has been used for more than a couple of years.
  • Your computer is extremely slow while starting up, loading programs, or opening files.
  • You are tired of the noise and upkeep of a hard disk drive.
  • You want to optimize your computer for better gaming experience.
  • The current disk is SSD but it is too small.
  • Your laptop comes with a small-capacity SSD besides an HDD, but the SSD is running out of space, making the device slow down.

Some of you may ask: Is SSD upgrade necessary?

Well, it is not necessary, but it is recommended. If your computer is running slow or facing certain problems due to inadequate storage space, it might be more effective to upgrade to a larger HDD than using an SSD. But for performance boost, nothing else can give you the speed increase than a new SSD can.

So, if you care much about your computer performance and have enough budget, then don’t hesitate to choose a suitable SSD to replace the original disk.

Choose A Suitable SSD for Your Computer

Before you replace hard drive with SSD, you need to choose a suitable SSD for your computer. Here are some factors you need to take into consideration.


At first, you should determine what capacity of SSD you need according to the size of your saved data and the usual workload. The common SSD capacity classes in the market includes 128GB, 250GB, 500GB, 1TB, 2TB, and 4TB.

You had better keep away from the 128GB SSD, as it provides slower performance due to its minimal number of memory modules. And the small storage space could exhaust quickly after you installed the operating system or certain games. A 4TB SSD offers considerable capacity but is quite expensive, so don’t choose it either unless you are a professional or enthusiast with deep pockets.

Form Factor

The form factor is the physical dimensions for the SSD by which you can tell if the specific SSD will physically fit for your computer. The main SSD form factors are:

  • 5-inch SATA SSD: This is the standard form factor of an SSD is and it can fit inside the drive bay of most laptop or desktop.
  • mSATA SSD: This type of SSD is one-eighth the size of 2.5-inch SSD and often used in ultra-thin and mini devices like certain tablets and notebooks.
  • 2 SSD: M.2 SSD is also more compact than 2.5-inch SSD and is 22mm wide. Its length can be 30mm, 42mm, 60mm, 80mm, and 110mm, and the most common size is type-2280.

Interface Type

The interface type of SSD is also an important factor you should pay attention to. The different interfaces can affect the performance of the SSD and the price can also vary by interface types. Here are some common SSD interfaces and you can choose one according to your needs.

  • SATA: Most SSDs on the market use SATA interface due to its high compatibility. The SATA 3.0 is the most versatile form and its speed can be up to 6 Gbit/s (750MB/s). Click here to check more information about SATA speed.
  • PCIe: SSDs with PCIe interface are designed for high-end position. It provides high data transmission rate over 32GB/s but it is quite expensive.
  • 2: The M.2 interface can support SATA and PCIe at the same time, and it can improve both the thickness and the transfer speed of SSD.
  • 2: The performance of U.2 interface is almost the same as M.2, but the U.2 SSD tends to be more expensive and has larger capacity. The U.2 is designed for the enterprise and it is rare to see in the market.

Apart from the above factors, you might want to learn about other information about SSD while purchasing, including the transmission protocol, the type of storage memory (NAND flash), and even the lifespan of the SSD. If you don’t know much about these professional items, consulting the support of SSD products is a better choice.

Your computer is extremely slow and you want to boost PC performance? It is time to make SSD upgrade. Choose a suitable SSD and replace the original drive with it right now.Click to tweet

How to Upgrade a Smaller SSD to a Larger one

After choosing the right SSD that fits for your device, you can start making SSD upgrade. As mentioned before, you can upgrade the original HDD to a faster SSD for better performance, and you can also upgrade the current small SSD drive to a larger SSD.

As for the former case, you can refer to this guide: How to Upgrade Laptop from HDD to SSD Without Reinstalling OS. In this part, we will mainly talk about how to upgrade SSD to larger SSD. Let’s see the details.

Move 1: Preparation Work for the New Larger SSD

If your device has two or more SSD slots, you can directly insert the larger SSD while retaining the original small SSD. But if there’s only one slot, you need to prepare an adapter in accordance with the interface of the new SSD, and then connect the drive to your computer via the adapter.

Then, right-click the Start button, choose Disk Management, and choose a partition style to initialize the SSD. For an SSD drive, you are recommended to choose GPT if it is supported on your computer.

Note: If the prepared larger SSD is not brand new, you can ignore the initialization, and instead go to back up the needed data on it.

initiate the larger SSD

Move 2: Clone SSD to Larger SSD

Now, you need to clone the data saved on the original SSD, including the operating system, to the larger SSD. To achieve that, you can make use of MiniTool Partition Wizard, a powerful and reliable disk manager. But note that the feature needed here is not available in free edition.

Free Download

Step 1: Install and launch the program. Choose Migrate OS to SSD/HD Wizard from the left action panel.

Step 2: Choose a method to migrate the system disk. To transfer all the data to the new SSD, choose option A; to migrate the operating system only, choose option B.

choose a migrating method

Step 3: Select the larger SSD as the destination disk and click Next. Choose the copy options and configure disk layout according to your own needs. You are strongly recommended to check the Align partitions to 1MB option to improve your SSD performance.

select copy options and configure disk layout

Step 4: Read the note about how to boot from the new SSD and click Finish button. When you go back to the main interface, click Apply button to execute the pending operations.

Move 3: Boot from The New SSD

After you clone SSD to larger SSD, you can go to boot your device from the larger SSD. If you choose to keep both SSDs inside your computer, then you need to boot into the BIOS and set the larger SSD as the primary boot device.

You can also remove the original SSD and replace it with the larger one. In this case, you don’t need to choose the boot order as your device will boot from the new SSD automatically.

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Bottom Line

If you are eager to improve the performance of your device especially old computer, you can consider SSD upgrade. In this article, I have introduced how to choose a suitable SSD and upgrade SSD to a larger one.

For further questions about SSD upgrade, you can post them in the following comment zone. If you have problems in using MiniTool software, you can contact us via [email protected].

SSD Upgrade FAQ

Is it worth upgrading laptop to SSD?
Generally speaking, it is worth upgrading your laptop to SSD. Because it can make your laptop start up faster and more responsive, which makes it much better than HDD. But if you are seeking for large capacity, then an HDD could be more worthy than an SSD with the same capacity.
When should I upgrade to SSD?
When you feel that your computer is quite slow or irresponsive, you can consider upgrading to SSD. Besides, if you are a game lover and you have installed plenty of video games on your computer, you can also choose an SSD instead of an HDD.
Is a 256GB SSD better than a 1TB hard drive?
This depends on your demands and budget. The largest advantage of SSD is high speed, while HDD is popular for large capacity and low cost. To get more detailed information, just check this post.
Will adding an SSD improve performance?
Yes, it will. Adding an SSD to your computer can greatly improve the performance of your computer, even if your computer is old and has a lower-end CPU.
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