Hard drives can run into problems sometimes. This article will show you how to make hard drive repair and recover data from a hard drive. When your hard drive needs to be repaired, you can try the top 4 solutions in this article to fix the hard drive.

When your hard drive is corrupt or you encounter other hard drive errors, the data on the hard drive can be inaccessible and unreadable. How to make hard disk repair Windows 10? If you don’t know any solutions, this article can be a big help.

The following contents will show you some ways to make HDD repair. Before you try the following solutions, you can try some simple fixes to repair the disk errors. For example, try to unplug the internal drive and connect it again to see if Windows can read your storage device. You can also try another USB port on your computer if your hard drive is external.

If simple fixes cannot help you, then you can follow the methods in this post to make hard disk repair Windows 10 by yourself.

Solution 1. Reinstall Your Hard Drive’s Driver

If your computer cannot read your external hard drive, you can connect it to another PC to see if the drive can be read and work normally. If it works, you can make external hard drive repair by reinstalling the device drivers on your computer. Here are detailed steps for you to reinstall your hard drive’s drivers.

Step 1. Input Device Manager in the Windows 10 Cortana search box and click on the best match to open the device manager.

Step 2. Locate Disk drives and double click it.

click Disk drives

Step 3. Then you will see all disks on your computer displayed here. Right-click the hard disk with hard drive failure and then click Uninstall device to uninstall the drive.

Uninstall device

Step 4. Restart the computer and connect the hard drive. The drivers will start installing automatically in most cases.

After restarting, you can check if your external hard drive can be read. If this solution doesn’t work, you can try the next method.

Solution 2. Check and Fix Hard Drive Errors with Disk Repair Tool

You can use a professional HDD repair tool to fix hard drive issues. There are many wonderful third-party hard disk repair software that you can use to diagnose and fix hard drive issues. Be sure to choose a reliable one.

Here I recommend you to choose the third-party disk utility – MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition. It is the professional hard drive repair software & an all-in-one partition manager, which can help you check and fix hard drive errors in just a few clicks.

The MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition can also help you manage computer hard drives in a flexible way with its features like extend partition, resize partition, format partition, migrate OS to SSD/HD, copy disk, convert MBR to GPT and so on.

So the free hard disk repair tool is worth trying. Now let’s see the detailed steps.

Step 1. Download the disk utility MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition by clicking the following button. Install it on your computer and launch it to get the main interface.

MiniTool Partition Wizard FreeClick to Download100%Clean & Safe

Step 2. Then select the partition on a hard disk and choose Check File System on the left action panel.

check file system with HDD repair tool

Step 3. As you can see, here are two options for you to choose from. The option Check only will only scan your hard drive for errors but it will not fix detected file system errors automatically. The option Check and fix detected errors will scan the drive and fix any file system errors found. To make hard drive repair, please select Check & fix detected errors and click Start.

click Start to check and fix hard drive errors

Step 4. After the hard drive repair is completed, you can close the program.

close the program after hard drive repair completed

Solution 3. Repair Hard Disk Errors with CHKDSK Utility

If the above fixes cannot help you fix the errors, you can run the Windows CHKDSK utility with CMD (via admin mode) to perform hard drive repair on Windows 10. You can access the Windows 10 disk utility via command prompt. Here are detailed steps.

Step 1. To access the Windows built-in hard drive repair tool, type cmd in the Windows 10 Cortana search box. Then right-click the best match then choose Run as administrator.

Step 2. In the Command Prompt window, type CHKDSK *: /f /r (* represents the drive letter of the specific drive that you want to repair) and then hit Enter. With this command, the hard drive is analyzed track-by-track to detect and fix recoverable data on the defective areas. It will give you all the details here.


The commonly used parameters /f and /r have different meanings:

  • /f – fix any errors it detected.
  • /r – Locate bad sectors on the drive and try to recover any and all readable information from them.

Step 3. After the error checking is completed, you can type exit to close the command prompt window.

This way should help you fix hard drive errors effectively. If your hard drive is working properly, you can backup important files as soon as possible. Sometimes the dead drive just occurs without notice.

Solution 4. Format the Hard Drive

Another effective method to eliminate hard drive errors is to format the hard drive. As you know, a hard drive can become RAW due to virus attack, improper operations, bad sectors or power outage. In this case, you are unable to access the hard drive data. You can format the hard drive to fix the error.

However, if you just format the hard drive directly, all files will be deleted including important files in it. So the best way is to recover the data to another drive with a piece of professional hard drive recovery software firstly. Then format the drive with a professional drive formatting tool.

Recover Data Before Formatting the Drive

To make internal hard drive data recovery, my recommendation is to use reputable and reliable hard drive recovery software MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Ultimate.

It can help you recover all kinds of files including photos, audio, music, videos, emails archives, documents from various storage media like HDD, SSD, SD card, USB drive, digital camera, memory stick and so on.

Step 1. Get the hard drive recovery software MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Ultimate by clicking the following button. Install it on your computer and get it registered.

MiniTool Partition Wizard DemoClick to Download100%Clean & Safe

Step 2. After registration, you will get the main interface. Then launch Data Recovery on the top toolbar.

click Data Recovery

Step 3. Select the drive you want to recover data from and click Scan button on the lower right corner.

click Scan

Here are three parts on the Data Recovery interface:

  • Recovery Result:You will see the last scanning result record here and you can load recovery result by yourself to recover files directly.
  • Logical Drive:All existing partitions on your computers will be listed here. If a partition does not have drive letters, it will be arranged at the end of the list.
  • Hard Disk:All disks on your computer will be listed here, including external hard drive, SSD, USB drive, etc. You can also select a disk to scan directly.

Besides, if there are lost partitions or unallocated spaces on your hard drive, there will be Lost Partition or Unallocated Space parts.

Step 4. The data recovery software is scanning your drive now. You can click Pause or Stop button near the progress bar to pause or stop the scanning process if you find what you want. You can wait for the scanning to complete.

the scanning process

Step 5. Check needed files in the recovery result. You can preview a picture or .txt file which is smaller than 20MB. At last, click Save to save the recovered files.

check needed files and click Save
Tip: You can click Show Lost Files, Find, Filter button on the upper tool bar to find needed files quickly.

Step 7. Choose a directory to save the needed files. It is recommended to save the recovered files on another drive. Otherwise, the lost/deleted data could be overwritten. Make sure you save files to a safe place.

select a directory to save needed files

MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Ultimate helped me successfully recover all lost files from the hard drive that needs to be repaired. If you need to use data recovery software during hard drive repair, this one is exactly what you are looking for.Click to tweet

During the repair process, if the hard drive you’re trying to fix contains important files, then you can also use the above data recovery tool to extract the documents, photos, music, videos, emails and other files from the hard drive easily. 

Format Hard Drive

Now, you can format a hard drive that’s not working properly to fix the disk failure. Here are detailed steps to tell you how to format hard drive Windows 10 with the free disk utility.

Step 1. Launch MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Ultimate and get the main interface.

Step 2. Select the drive and choose Format Partition from the left action panel.

click Format Partition

Step 3. Then specify the partition label, file system as well as cluster size on this page. Then click OK to continue.

set partition label, file system as well as cluster size and click OK

Step 4. Click Apply on the upper right corner to allow the pending operations.

click Apply to format partition

After formatting, you can use your hard drive as normal.

Note: If your hard drive has physical problems, then probably the above computer hard drive repair solutions will not work. And data recovery software cannot help you recover lost data from physically damaged hard drives. You have to find professional hard drive services to recover the data, which could be expensive for ordinary users.


Hard drive can become damaged or corrupted due to various hard drive errors like bad sectors on hard drive, file system corruptions. So you must learn these basic tips. After reading this article, you may find that hard drive repair is not so complicated.

If you have any question about how to make hard drive repair Windows 10 when there are hard drive errors, you can leave a message in the following comment zone and we will reply as soon as possible. If you have better solution, don’t hesitate to share it with us. If you need any help when using MiniTool software, you may contact us via [email protected].

Hard Drive Repair FAQ

How do I fix a corrupted hard drive?
You can fix a corrupted hard drive via CHKDSK command. Type cmd in the Windows search box. Right-click the best match and then choose Run as administrator. Type CHKDSK *: /f /r (* represents the drive letter of the specific drive that you want to repair in the Command Prompt window and hit Enter.
Can hard disks be repaired?
There are two types of sectors, a hard and soft sector. In most cases, Windows is able to repair a soft bad sector, as it’s almost always related to a software mishap. Formatting the drive will almost always fix this. But, if it’s a hard bad sector, this indicates physical damage, which cannot be repaired.
How much does it cost to recover data from a damaged hard drive?
To recover data from a damaged hard drive will only cost you less than $100 with a piece of professional data recovery software, but the prerequisite is that the hard drive is not damaged physically. However, if there are physical faults like bad electronic components on your hard drive, the data recovery cost is relatively high, which varies from $300 to $2000 or even higher.
How do I recover data from a crashed hard drive?
Get MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Ultimate from its official website and install it on your PC. Launch Data Recovery. Then select the partition where the data is lost and then click Scan. After scanning completed, check needed files and click Save button to save the recovered data to a safe place. Remember to save the recovered files on another drive. Otherwise, the lost/deleted data could be overwritten.
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