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Summary :

install Linux on Windows 10

How to install Linux on Windows 10? How to install Ubuntu on Windows 10? How to install Kali on Windows 10? Still, a lot of users are interested in Linux OS trying. MiniTool here provides the detailed instructions and how to dual boot Windows 10 and Linux.

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In the field of the embedded desktop operating system, Windows, Mac OS, and Linux are three major operating systems occupying nearly all markets. For computer users, Windows is the most commonly used operating system, but Linux is always a dual-boot trying due to its various advantages: open source, more secure, stable, flexible, revive old computer, totally free, and more.

Thus, a lot of Windows users would like to have a try on Linux, and they wonder how to install Linux on Windows 10.

In fact, Linux is divided into many distributions, and Ubuntu (distribution based on Debian) is probably the most well-known one. Here are top 10 Linux distributions according to PCworld:

  • Ubuntu
  • Fedora
  • Linux Mint.
  • openSUSE
  • PCLinuxOS
  • Debian
  • Mandriva
  • Sabayon/Gentoo
  • Arch Linux
  • Puppy Linux

Since Ubuntu is the one most people have heard of, today I will go through the process of how to install Linux on Windows 10 using Ubuntu for example. Installing the other has a very similar process.

Note: This installation has the potential to go wrong very easily as it involves editing existing partitions. Please take care of what partitions you are modifying and where you are installing Ubuntu to. Having a Windows computer backup is a good idea in the event something goes wrong.

Step 1. Download Ubuntu IOS

To install Ubuntu on Windows 10, the first thing you need to prepare is the ISO file of Ubuntu. You can get it by visiting clicking here. Just select the OS you prefer.

download Ubuntu IOS

Step 2. Create a Bootable USB Drive for Ubuntu

Now prepare a USB flash drive that is formatted to FAT32. Check out how for format USB drive to FAT32. Then use a tool like UNetbootin and Rufus to burn the Ubuntu ISO to this USB drive.

Step 3. Make Unallocated Space Where Ubuntu Will Be Installed

To install Linux on Windows 10, it is recommended that your computer has at least 10 GB free space (2 for the OS, while the rest for the files and applications). So now you have got the task to release some free space form your Windows computer.

Here you have multiple choices. If you are familiar with Windows Disk Management utility, you can shrink the C drive, or delete a non-system partition to make some unallocated space (please ensure that you have made the file backup before the deletion).

shrink volume C Disk Management

For those who are unfamiliar with this tool, or who get stuck in receiving the error “

there is not enough space available on the disk(s) to complete this operation”, I believe using MiniTool Partition Wizard is much easier due to its wizard-like interface and its stable functioning.

Free Download

free shrink windows partition thumbnail
Two Easy and Effective Ways to Free Shrink Windows Partition

If you are wondering how to free shrink Windows partition but have no ideas, here this article will offer you two effective ways to solve your problems.

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Step 4. Install Ubuntu along with Windows 10

Here comes to the main point of how to install Ubuntu on Windows 10, please take care of the step-by-step guide.

#1. Boot from the USB Drive

First of all, set your device to boot from the bootable Ubuntu USB drive. To do this, you will need to enter the BIOS setting and change the boot priority.

Usually, you can get into the BIOS system by pressing a specific key repeatedly before the Windows logo appears. That key can be F2, F10, F12, Dele, or some combinations. Please read the instructions of your mainboard to check.

When you are in, navigate to Boot Option and set the target to boot from the USB flash drive. Once the USB media boots up, a new grub screen should appear on your monitor where you are able to select Install Ubuntu to continue.

choose Install Ubuntu

#2. Complete Installation Process

When you see a functional Ubuntu system running in live-mode, select Install Ubuntu, then the installer will start. Select the Language to perform the installation and click Continue to proceed.

choose language preference

In the next screen, choose the first option Normal installation, then click Continue.

Tip: Select Other options if you have a decent internet connection and do have the requirement. Or else you may just skip this option.

choose Normal installation

In the next window, you get 3 options to choose from:

  1. Install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10: If you choose this to continue, all the options will be made automatically for the partition steps. please take care of the information on the new window showing what will happen to your disk before you confirm. Otherwise, select Something else to make further changes manually.
  2. Erase disk and install Ubuntu: This will erase the whole disk and then install Ubuntu. Do not choose this option if you are intending for dual boot Windows 10 and Linux.
  3. Something else: Customize the partition for Ubuntu. How to go through Something else setting? Check the details below.

choose Something else

In short, this is to require you create necessary partitions for Ubuntu. You are suggested to create 2 partitions, one for root and the other one for home accounts data. Swap partition is not indispensable. Use a Swap partition only when you have limited RAM resources.

To create the first partition, the root partition, select the free space which you obtain from Step 3 and hit the + icon from the lower-left corner.

select the free space to create a new partition

Please use the following configurations for the first Root partition and hit OK to apply changes:

  • Size: at least 20000 MB
  • Type for the new partition: Primary
  • Location for the new partition: Beginning of this space
  • Use as: Ext4 journaling file system
  • Mount point: /

configuration for the first root partition

Create the second Home partition using the same steps as above. The partition configurations should look like this:

  • Size: all remaining free space
  • Type for the new partition: Primary
  • Location for the new partition: Beginning of this space
  • Use as: Ext4 journaling file system
  • Mount point: /home

create the home partition

When finished, hit the Install Now button and read carefully the message in the pop-up window before you click Continue. Be sure it is the newly created partitions to be changed.

confirm the Ubuntu installation

The installation process will now start. Please hang on, for this is the whole story.

The next screen will ask you location. Just select your city or a city nearby from the map. When done, hit Continue to move ahead.

choose location

If you are asked to select your keyboard layout, make your own choice and continue.

Next, it will ask your name, your computer name, username, and password to create a default user. Please input and save the information as they are required for the Ubuntu login in the future. After doing these, hit Continue to finalize the installation.

create user account

Now all the settings required for customizing Ubuntu installation are finished. From here on the installation process will run automatically until it reaches the end. Click Restart Now.

Ubantu installation complete

How to install Ubuntu on Windows 10? See the detailed guide here!Click to tweet

Step 5. Dual Boot Windows 10 and Linux

Here is a simple guide to dual boot Windows 10 and Linux.

Once the system has been rebooted, you will see the Grub menu asking which operating system you want to start. Select Ubuntu (default) or Windows 10 as per your requirement.

download Ubuntu IOS

Tip: Ubuntu provides NTFS file system support. So you can access the Windows partitions without difficulty.

That’s it! In case you need to switch back to Windows 10, reboot your computer and select Windows from the Grub menu.

Further reading: How to install Kali on Windows 10?

Wrapping Up

Now I believe you already know how to install Ubuntu inside Windows 10 and dual boot Windows 10 and Linux. The whole procedure is quite simple if all the steps are followed correctly. Let us know if you have successfully installed Ubuntu on Windows 10 in the comment zone below. Any questions using MiniTool software, contact [email protected].

Install Linux on Windows 10 FAQ

Can I install Linux on Windows 10?
Yes of course. Linux not only can be installed on Windows 10 but also can be installed on a USB flash drive. However, for regular use, you may prefer to install Linux on your computer.
Is Windows 10 Linux based?
Nope. Microsoft isn't making Windows 10 into a Linux distribution. All Windows operating systems will still be based on the Windows kernel.
Will Linux replace Windows?
For the computer market, Linux always ranks after Windows and Mac OS. However, Linux will get more popularity in the future and increase its market share thanks to the great support from its active community.
Does Linux need antivirus?
It seems that Linux does not need any antivirus software. But if your Linux is running together with Windows, it is still vulnerable to get infected for your Windows computer is likely to get affected.
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