What command line can be used to copy files? How to copy files using CMD in Windows 10/11? A lot of users are confused about these questions. Now, this post of MiniTool explains the CMD copy file operation in detail.
When copying a large of files from one drive to another location, most people may choose File Explorer to copy files. Sometimes, however, various issues and errors may occur when copying large files such as “calculating the time required to copy the files”, “Windows delay write failure”, and so on. Under these situations, you may consider PowerShell and CMD copy files.
Compared with the traditional file copying ways, the copy file command line can help you copy and paste files with less time. Moreover, the Windows copy command enables you to leave the copying process alone automatically when unattended.
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What Command Line Can Be Used to Copy Files
What command can be used to copy files? The answer depends on the way you want to copy file CMD. If you just want to copy a specific file in Command Prompt, then you can use the Copy command. If you want to copy the entire directory and its content, then the Xcopy command is a good choice.
Of course, different copy file command lines bring different results. For example, if you want to copy the encrypted files to the destination as decrypted files, then you need to add the “/d” to the end of the Windows copy command line. To know more about copy file CMD lines, you can refer to this article.
How to Copy Files Using CMD in Windows 10/11
How to move files using CMD? Here we summarize the most two common ways to copy file CMD. The first is to copy a specific file using the copy command, while the other is to copy the directory using the xcopy command. Let’s start trying.
Before the CMD Copy File
Before you start running the Windows copy command line, it’s necessary to know the directory/path and name of the file you want to copy. Also, you should write download the destination folder you want to copy to.
Step 1. Press the Win + E keys to open File Explorer.
Step 2. Find the location and name of the file, and note them down. For example, the file name is “pdr-ol-log.txt” and the location is “C:\Users\Administrator\Downloads”.
Step 3. Note down the destination directory that you want to copy to.
# 1. Copy a Specific File via the Copy Command
Step 1. Type cmd in the Search box, and then right-click the Command Prompt window and select Run as administrator. Then click on Yes in the UAC window.
Step 2. In the elevated Command Prompt window, type the following command and hit Enter to copy the file “pdr-ol-log.txt” on the C drive to the D drive root. If it shows the “1 file(s) copied” message, it indicated that the file has been copied to the destination folder successfully.
copy C:\Users\Administrator\Downloads\pdr-ol-log.txt D:
Step 3. If you want to copy certain file extensions from one drive to another, you can run the “copy *.txt E:” command. You can replace the “.txt” with your file extensions such as “.png”, “.xls”, etc.
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# 2. Copy the Whole Directory via the XCopy Command
If you want to copy all files under a directory to another directory quickly, you can use the XCopy command. Here’s how to do that:
Step 1. Open the elevated Command Prompt window as we explained above.
Step 2. Type the following command and hit Enter. Here you can replace the C:\Users\Administrator\Downloads section with the directory you want to copy and replace the D:\Ariel with your actual destination.
xcopy C:\Users\Administrator\Downloads D:\Ariel
Now, all contexts under the directory should be copied into the destination path successfully.
Bonus Tip: Best Alternative to Copy Large Files Quickly
Although the CMD copy file is time-saving and convenient, it is relatively strange for many non-professionals to operate. If you have a large chunk of files that need to copy into an external drive, you can consider copying the partition to another drive. Compared with the command line copy method, it’s more efficient and simpler.
Here MiniTool Partition Wizard can help you copy the whole partition to another drive quickly with a few clicks. Besides, it can be used to copy disk, migrate OS to SSD/HD without reinstalling, convert MBR to GPT, etc.