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Quick Fix Windows Detected a Hard Disk Problem in Windows 10

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    Windows Has Detected a Hard Disk Problem

    "Windows detected a hard disk problem" is an always asked issue. When running Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7 or Windows XP, it is possible to come across with such an error message. Just like the following screenshot shows and suggests you "Back up your files immediately to prevent information loss, and then contact the computer manufacture to determine if you need to repair or replace the disk".

    windows detected a hard disk problem

    First of all, it is necessary to know what does this error mean. Generally speaking, this error shows you a serious warning.

      wraning Results:
    • The hard drive is failing and it may die sooner or later.
    • All data on the hard drive, including programs, applications, documents, excels, files, photos, videos, may be lost once the disk died.
    • The system file in Windows may get corrupted and operating system may be unbootable.
    • The computer may freeze, namely it will load for a long time and finally stop responding.

    When receiving this error, it’s really annoying and may make you panic. More seriously, it warns you continuously every 5 or 10 minutes. In such a case, it’s necessary to pay much attention to the issue and find out reasons and solutions. This article will help you make an analysis about this error and come up with solutions. Please read on. 

    Why Does Hard Disk Problem Appear in Windows 10

    Once Windows operating system tells you it has detected a hard disk problem, it is possible for you to search such a warning online. In the Google searching results, you may find the forums or posts about this topic.

    Let’s see a true example:

    Hello, I just bought a new PC with Windows 10 last week. Everything seemed to have been going beautifully, but I thought it seemed a bit slow when loading up Windows, it seems to be perfectly normal after booting up. Then yesterday, I found computer had been constantly popping up this error message Window. Windows says detected a hard disk problem and advices me to back up my files immediately to prevent information loss. Then it gives me options to backup, or ask again later. I just don’t know what I should do at this point. The hard drive is a Seagate Barracudas with 500GB disk space, and it is the only drive I have in the PC. I need a little advice here. Thanks a lot for any thoughts or input on the matter!
    --- tomshardware

    After knowing the information about Windows hard disk problem, let’s see why does it appear? Generally speaking, there are four reasons as follows.

    note Virus attack
    As you know, virus often attacks your computer even though there is powerful anti-virus software. Once the computer encounters virus infection, some damage will happen. More seriously, the virus damage will do some harm to the system. Sometimes, it causes errors and reports you disk problem to some degree. Usually, virus damage is the main reason.

    note System error
    Maybe there are some system errors, including fragmented files, excessive startup entries, registry error and so on. Usually, these errors may have influence on hard drive and lead to important system files deletion by mistake, operating system shutdown/corruption or system file corruption. Thus system tells you it has detected a hard disk problem and asks you to make a backup for the important data.

    note Bad sectors on hard drive
    Some mechanical or logical errors are on the hard drive and it is likely to cause bad sectors which are harmful to data saved on the disk. When an hard disk error occurs in Windows 10, you may receive such a message about hard disk problem.

    note Improper operations
    Sometimes the improper operations that are done by you accidentally may bring serious problem to the operating system, just like the above mentioned, system files damage or bad sectors may happen.


    Five Solutions to Fix Windows Detected A Hard Disk Problem

    After knowing so much information about Windows hard disk problem, what should you do to solve this error in Windows 10? Here are five ways aiming at the above different cases, and you can try them.

    Way 1: Copy Disk for Backup

    Once Windows has detected a hard disk problem, the most important thing is to backup the important data to a safe location or another hard drive. How to perform this operation? In the software market, there are many kinds of programs which can be used to do this work. Among them, MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition is worth using to back up your partition or the entire hard drive. As a free partition and disk management software, it is highly recommended to you and it is compatible with many operating systems, including Windows XP/Visat/7/8/10. Firstly download MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition in Windows 10 and then install it on your computer to make a backup.

    Step 1: Launch this free application. Then right click the source hard drive and select "Copy" feature or click "Copy Disk" in the left pane.


    Step 2: Then please select a target hard drive to copy the source content to. Click "Next" to continue.

    select target disk

    recommend Note:
    1.Before doing disk copy, please prepare a hard drive which should be larger than the used disk space of the source hard drive.
    2.During the process, all data from the source disk will be copied to the destination disk, that is to say, the target disk content will be deleted, so ensure the important data on the target disk is backed up.
    3.MiniTool Partition Wizard provides sector-by-sector mode when copying disk.

    Step 3: Next you can preview the changes you have made. The following picture shows you two copy options, you can choose to fit partitions to entire disk, or copy partitions without resize during disk clone. Here it is suggested to choose to align partitions to 1MB and this option can improve performance for advanced format hard drive or SSD. Moreover, "Use GUID Partition Table for the target disk" feature can make your target disk become GPT disk.

    copy option

    Step 4: Then MiniTool Partition Wizard will show you that if you want to boot from the target disk, please configure BIOS setting and make sure the new disk is configured as the default boot disk.


    Note: If you only need to make a backup for the data on the entire hard drive, it is unnecessary to change this setting.

    Step 5: At last, click "Apply" to execute all changes.

    In addition to making a backup for the entire disk, you can also copy partitions where you have saved important data. Just choose a mode according to your needs.

    recommend Recommended:
    It is recommended to migrate system to SSD/HD in Windows 10 which can help you make a backup for the operating system and do a recovery from a disaster.

    Way 2: Scan and Kill Virus

    After finishing backup, it is time to search hard disk problems and solutions. How to fix hard disk failure? First of all, you need to download anti-virus software from the internet. Then open it to scan and find virus to clean up. Usually if you download some programs, spyware or malware, virus damage may happen. Please use anti-virus software to kill virus and clean up your computer right now to solve Windows detected a hard disk problem virus issue.

    Way 3: Run SFC to Fix System File

    In Windows 10, there is a basic tool to help you to fix many errors. When there is a disk problem, you don’t know whether the system file is damaged or not. So you can use System File Checker which is also called SFC to check system file error and deal with the integrity issue. This tool is helpful to repair many problems and it is easy to use.

    Step 1: Right click "Start" menu and run the command prompt as administrator.

    Step 2: Type "sfc /scannow" prompt. Then please wait for a while until verification completes.


    note Note: Don't close the window before verification is 100% complete.

    This command can help to quickly scan all protected system files and then replaces those corrupted or damaged files with a backup copy in Windows 10 when there is a system file error. If this command doesn’t work for you, please try way 4.

    Way 4: CHKDSK

    Firstly you also need to run Command Prompt as administrator and then type "chkdsk (drive letter) /f" to find the disk error. Unfortunately, this command only works in NTFS file system.

    note Note:
    Here take C partition as an example. From the screenshot below, this command can't run. And it will ask you whether you would like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts or not.


    When encountering the above case, you can try another way to run disk check.

    Step 1: Please open Windows explorer, and right click the system partition, then select "Properties".

    Step 2: Then under "Tools" tab, click "Check" button.


    Step 3: Please choose "Automatically fix system errors" and "Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors" and click "Start" the process.

    fix file error

    If the message "Windows detected a hard disk problem" is caused by system file error, after you perform chkdsk, the issue will be fixed. If this way still can't fix "hard disk problem detected" issue in Windows 10, just try the next way.

    Way 5: Surface Test

    It is likely that there is something wrong with your disk, so Windows detected a hard disk problem start the backup process error occurs. In this case, you should test all the hard drive and ensure whether there are some bad sectors or not, because sometimes disk problem message is due to the bad sectors. How to check the entire hard drive? MiniTool Partition Wizard also can help you.

    Here is the step-by-step guidance:

    Step 1: Launch this free partition manager and then enter into the clear and simple main interface. You need to select a target hard drive and then click "Surface Test" in "Check Disk" pull-down menu.

    surface test

    Step 2: Click "Start Now" to perform disk test operation. This process will take a few minutes, so please wait patiently. From the picture below, you can clearly find MiniTool Partition Wizard can help to mark disk block without read error in green. If there are some errors, this software marks them as red.


    If you have finished doing disk surface test and find there are some error in the hard drive, you need to repair hard drive to solve the issue. Unfortunately, MiniTool Partition Wizard only can check disk but it is unable to fix the bad errors,You can look for a third-party software to help solve the problem. Or you can use "chkdsk (drive letter) /r" command prompt to shield the bad sectors.

    If you have tried many ways to solve disk problem in Windows 10 but all fail, you need to replace the hard drive and solve this issue on hard disk. Before replacing the disk, please back up your important files with MiniTool Partition Wizard.


    How to Avoid Hard Disk Problem Warning

    Probably Windows will reports you such a message when there is no system file error, no virus attack or disk error in Windows 10, therefore, after trying all methods, in oder to not receive this warning again, it is suggested to disbale the setting about this topic.

    Step 1: Press "Win + r" and then input "gpedit.msc" to open "Local Group Policy Editor".

    Step 2: Please go Administrative Templates > System > Troubleshooting and Diagnostics > Disk Diagnostics.

    find setting

    Step 3: And then double click "Disk Diagnostic: Configure execution level" to disable.



    In this post, I introduce you the reasons and the solutions about "Windows detected a hard disk problem" and how to disable the setting. When you encounter such a warning message, you should analyze reasons that cause the issue and then try different solutions according to the different cases. If you have any question or suggestion, welcome to leave a message below or directly email us via [email protected] or phone us. Thanks for your support in advance.