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Partitioning basics

  • If users have learned partitioning basics before partitioning hard disk, you can partition it more reasonably. As for partitioning basics, firstly, hard disk partitions consist of primary partition, extended partition, logical partition. The primary partition contains necessary files and data for booting operating system, and it is mainly used to store operating system. Primary partition occupies little space, and every hard disk must have a primary partition. Apart from the primary partition, other partitions are called extended partitions. But extended partition can't be directly used to store files unless being divided into several logical partitions. Logical partitions are common partitions named with D:, E:, F: and so on. Their sizes are decided according to different types of files stored in them.

    When partitioning hard disk, we will encounter partitioning basics-file system, which is in charge of organization and allocation of file storage spaces, file storage, and protection and retrieval of restored file. At present, partition file systems used by Windows operating system mainly include FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS and so on. And almost all operating systems support FAT16. However, such hard disks have low utilization rate, so FAT16 is rarely used. FAT32 uses smaller cluster to solve the situation that FAT16 wastes disk space and limits volume size, greatly improving its disk management ability and breaking through the limitation that file system FAT16 runs single file within 2GB. So FAT32 becomes the most frequently-used partition format, and systems like Windows 98/2000/XP/2003 all support it. In general, users can set partition as FAT32 when partitioning. Although NTFS is quite superior in security and stability, it can't be operated under some operating systems due to its compatibility problem, which also limits its range of application. So when choosing partition file system, we need to consider the operating system and the use of partition, for instance, we generally choose FAT32 which has better compatibility as the file system of the primary system. But to store high definition video files, we can choose NTFS.

    Repartitioning according to partitioning basics
    After learning partitioning basics, do you find whether hard disk partition size is unreasonable; the use of partition file system is unsuitable? Now you can resize partition according to the partitioning basics. If you use Disk Management Tool (utility) of Windows operating system when you resize partitions except main partition, you are advised to back up partition data to other partitions, or data in it will get lost. Here, I suggest that you use professional partition magic, which can resize partition without deleting partitions and backing up partition data. MiniTool Partition Wizard is the most outstanding representative with perfect performance among various partition magic. The "Move/Resize Partition" interface is shown below:

    If you want to resize partition, just adjust partition handle length by dragging the black arrow in red box. Moreover, MiniTool Partition Wizard will not damage partition data when converting file system, so you can rely on it. You can learn more partition management functions on https://www.partitionwizard.com/.

    If you want to utilize hard disk partition reasonably and improve partition utilization rate, learning the above-mentioned partitioning basics would be beneficial.