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Best Solution to Permanently Destroy Data on Hard Drive in Windows 10

  • Contents:


    Preface


    wipe hard drive Based on a basic privacy survey of the New York Times, many users have a common misconceptions in the aspect of clearing hard disk data. The vast majority of people don't know it is not enough to only delete the files, because it does not really completely remove all data from computer. The survey also finds another point, in one word, in fact, only 33% of second-hand disks data is erased. Therefore, before you throw away your disk or sell the disk to others, the best thing is to ensure whether there is still privacy or personal information on the hard disk or not. If you want to destroy hard drive in Windows 10, then this article can help you.

    Why to Clean Hard Drive in Windows 10


    It is possible that when there is something wrong with your hard drive and you have decided to replace your old drive, or plan to sell the old or damaged computer to others for some money. Or you decide to donate some old computers to poor villages, a charity, a local school or a charitable organization. In these cases, it is quite important for you to make sure all data of hard drives on the computers are completely free or erased in Windows 10.

    why clean disk

    When donating computers or selling PCs, you should ensure they are sent to the department that won't publish the information on the hard drives. However, generally speaking, it is an uncertain thing, because you don't know where this behavior ends up. And during the process, if your computers go through the hands of some malicious persons, the data on the hard drive can be used to do some illegal things.

    Consequently, it is really necessary to completely remove data on hard drive before selling, replacing or donating old computers. Otherwise, criminals may use the hard drive where you have saved many kinds of files, including pictures, videos, work documents and other personal information to gain benefits from others.

    How to Destroy Data on Hard Drive in Windows 10


    Now it is time to permanently remove data on hard drive of computers. When it comes to this topic, actually many of you don't know how to perform this task. While searching data destroy solution on the internet, there will be many articles or forums in the searching results.

    recommend Let's look at a true example among them:

    "I am going to upgrade to SSD soon and also upgrade to Windows 10, so I'm going to install it on my SSD and effectively start fresh. I still of course wish to keep my current hard drive and use it, just as a secondary drive. I don't want the OS on the SSD now, so I really just want to remove everything from the old drive including the OS and start fresh. So, what is the best I can clear my hard drive including OS to get maximum performance out of it. Any suggestion or help? Thanks in advance."
    –From tomshardware


    From this example, you know this user wants to upgrade to Windows 10 with SSD for data storage. And he wants to clean hard drive and remove all data. If you encounter this case, what will you do to prevent your information from leaking? Generally speaking, there are many ways to help to make your data never be recovered. The solutions are as follows, please read on. Hope they are useful for you.

    Before You Do


    Before you destroy data on hard drive in Windows 10, there is a very important thing, that is to make a backup for your important files if you still need the data on the hard drive. When reading here, most of you may choose to copy each file to a new hard drive, but this is a bit time-consuming.

    In order to backup all data on the hard drive for data security, it is suggested to copy the entire disk on your old computer with the professional disk and partition software – MiniTool Partition Wizard. You need to prepare a new hard drive which should be larger than the used disk space of the original hard drive. Otherwise, if you use a disk where you have stored data to do disk copy, during the process, all data on the destination disk will be overwritten. This partition manager provides you a sector-by-sector copy mode. If you are not sure how to do disk data backup, check out our guide to do disk copy.

    backup disk

    Solution 1: Delete Files in Windows 10


    Usually, when mentioning cleaning data on hard drive, most of you choose to delete all data on the hard drive. You may spend much time going through the entire hard drive and deleting all personal files and documents you want to delete, but this way can't completely delete all data ,which are not safe to privacy information. Why?

    In fact, the data on your hard drive is not deleted, and the information is stored in the directory that Windows operating system can find. When you delete a file, actually it means only removing the file from the folder, and this part is marked as a location that new data can be written to. In other words, the data in this part is always there, just the operating system marks it "deleted".

    Therefore, before writing new data to the location, the original data can be restored. This provides a good chance to some data recovery software which can directly read the data which is labeled as "deleted" from the hard drive and then recover to the specified directory.

    note Note: In order to avoid data recovery, you can write new irrelevant data to the location after deleting data, so it is safer to your personal information.


    Solution 2: Format Hard Drive


    In this case, maybe some of you consider formatting the hard drive. When opening Disk Management in Windows 10 by going "My computer" to select "Manage", right click a target partition to select "Format" option.

    format

    However, it is not safe enough to simply erase data of hard drive by formatting your disk. To some degree, it is safer than simple deletion. Even though you do a full format instead of a quick format, it is still not 100% safe to remove data on hard drive from your computer completely.

    If you format all partitions, this operation doesn't erase the data on the hard drive, just delete the address tables. This may be more difficult to recover the files of the disk. Whereas the professional tools are able to help recover most data before reformatting the disk. This is a good thing for you if you accidentally format a partition, you can recover data. Nevertheless, if you are going to replace your old disk or donate towards a charity, you need to pay attention to data security because data is easy to be theft.

    Solution 3: Wipe Hard Drive in Windows 10


    recommend Recommended:
    The above ways could not help you erase data permanently, so here I will introduce you a best way to do this operation, that is to wipe data on the hard drive.


    Wiping disk is the safest way for data protection. And this way can be used to erase data completely not only on hard drives, but also on flash drives and other storage devices. Disk wiping process will overwrite the data on the entire hard drive, which can help to erase data permanently and completely.

    When searching "how to completely wipe data" online, you can find there are many tools which can do this work. Thereinto, there is one tool that is highly worth recommending to you. MiniTool Cooperation provides you a reliable and powerful partition and disk eraser software which is called MiniTool Partition Wizard that is popular in disk management software market and probably you also know it. This tool is compatible with all operating systems, including Windows Vista/XP/7/8/8.1/10 PCs and Windows Server 2000/2003/2008/2012. And this software owns five editions, such as Free Edition, Professional Edition, Server Edition, Enterprise Edition and Technician Edition, just click edition comparison to help choose one.

    If you want to destroy data on hard drive in Windows 10, it is suggested to use its Free Edition. When reading here, you may ask how to perform this operation with its Free Edition. First of all, just download MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition and then install it on your computer for this task.

    Download Now

    recommend Please look at the step-by-step guidance as follows:

    Step 1: Please run this free software. During the process, click "Launch Application" button to launch the tool.

    Note: Only Free Edition provides "Launch Application" option.

    launch applciation

    Step 2: Then you can go to its main interface. After selecting a target hard drive, you can right click this disk and select "Wipe Disk" feature or click this feature from "Operations" drop-down menu.

    wipe hard drive

    note Note:
    When wiping disk which contains system partition, MiniTool Partition Wizard will warn you it may cause your computer to be unbootable. If you have migrated system to another hard drive, you can ignore this warning and just click "Yes" to continue this operation in Windows 10.


    Step 3:Then you can see there are five wiping methods:

    • Fill Sectors with Zero
    • Fill Sectors with One
    • Fill Sectors with Zero &One
    • DoD 5220.22-M
    • DoD 5220.28-STD

    Among these five methods, the first and the second one are very quick for you to finishing erasing data on the hard drive. If you choose DoD 5220.22-M and DoD 5220.28-STD methods, they will take you much time. But these two methods are safer than other methods, so the possibility of personal information leakage is quite slim. Consequently, please choose one according to your needs. Then click "OK" to continue.

    wipe disk method

    recommend Tips:
    Wiping disk will remove every sector of data on the disk. Data once wiped can not be recovered by any data recovery solutions. Therefore, please think twice to perform this operation. If there are some important files, it is good to make a backup with MiniTool Partition Wizard, just like the above content mentioned.


    Step 4: Then you can preview the selected disk will become unallocated space. At last, click "Apply" to execute all changes in Windows 10.

    apply

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    Besides, you can select "Wipe Partition" feature to erase partitions which contains important personal data. With the help of MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition, it is very easy and simple to wipe disk in Windows 10 to avoid privacy information leakage. If you want to know more information, this article erase private data permanently in Windows is useful.

    Physical Destruction to Hard Drive for Data Protection


    The above content tells you three solutions to clean data on the hard drive, here I will introduce you some ways about physical destruction to a hard drive. If you decide to throw your disk away, in order to protect data and avoid data leakage, you can do as the following ways say.

    1.Hammer the hard drive:
    If you are looking for a fastest and most direct way, hammering the hard drive is recommended to you. Please remove your disk from the computer and then use a hammer to knock it into pieces.

    2.Burn your disk
    You can use fire to melt your hard drive. Please do this operation in a ventilated place, because you may get injured by the fume. Or you can burn the disk in a steel making furnace.

    3.Make disk magnetized
    Usually, it requires you to use a degausser to magnetize your disk.

    4.Dissolve the hard drive by using electrolysis
    Please prepare a big plastic container and then immerse the hard drive in water with sodium bicarbonate. Then use the electrolysis unit to dissolve your hard drive.

    These methods can help you absolutely destroy your disk physically and you can't recover data. In these cases, the personal data is unable to be leaked. If you want to know more information about physical data destroy solution, please visit destroy a hard drive.

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    Summary


    This post introduces you reasons about clean disk and helps you make an analysis, then tells you many methods to destroy data on hard drive, including logical and physical destruction to data. I believe this article is useful to help you know well about cleaning data. If you need any help or suggestion, welcome to leave a comment below or email us via support@minitool.com. Thanks for your support.