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Solved - Windows Backup Failed Not Enough Disk Space with 0x80780119 Code


Windows Backup Failed Not Enough Disk Space Issue

As you know, Windows owns a built-in backup and restore tool used to make a full system image backup so as to restore the system to its original status in case of Windows gets corrupted. Therefore, in order to ensure the system runs normally, you choose to create a system image. However, when doing such a thing in Windows 7/8/10, it is likely to be abortive. You may get an error message with error code 0x80780119 as shown below:

backup failed 0x80780119

When receiving this error message, you may find it is confusing to understand. If you read this message, you will find much important information.

The first sentence is very misleading, so firstly you may think "create system image failed not enough disk space" issue is caused by this factor - no enough disk space on the storage location, namely the destination drive. However, if you turn to the second and third sentences "Make sure that…included in the back up", you will find there is a hint at the real problem.

In a word, perhaps this problem is caused because of not enough disk space on the destination partition, actually, it refers to a problem on the source partition. Generally speaking, the disk space you require to create a backup system copy refers to not only the regular partition of your Windows operating system but also the volume shadow copy of the image.

Moreover, at the end of the error message, Minimum requirement and recommendation are as follows:

recommend Minimum Requirement:
  • For volumes less than 500 megabytes, the minimum is 50 megabytes of free space.
  • For volumes more than 500 megabytes, the minimum is 320 megabytes of free space.
recommend Recommendation:
At least 1 gigabyte of free disk space on each volume if volume size is more than 1 gigabyte.

After learning this point, you can pay your attention to the source drive as the location causing Windows backup failed not enough disk space problem.

Why Windows Backup Code 0x80780119 Happens

An analysis of the source drive will be made here. Sometimes there is a system reserved partition at the beginning of the hard disk in Windows 7/8/10. It can be created during system setup, used to store Boot Manager and the Boot Configuration Database of Windows operating system. Usually, it is 100MB in Windows 7, 350MB in Windows 8 and 500MB in Windows 10. If Windows backup not enough space for shadow copy issue happens, you should consider whether the free space of system reserved is not enough for volume shadow copy.

In addition, a recovery partition is another common factor, causing backup failure with 0x80780119 error code. However, if the unused disk space is not able to meet the minimum requirement that the volume shadow copy needs, the error create system image failed not enough disk space is likely to appear.

How to Fix Windows Backup Failed Not Enough Disk Space

Once you meet such a problem, you may search it online to look for the solutions. Among the searched results, you will know many forums and blogs are about this topic.

I'm trying to create a system image on my reformatted external hard drive with more than 400 GB of free space. I receive the following error message: "There is not enough disk space to create the volume shadow copy of the storage location.... 0x80780119" Backup should take up to 82 GB of disk space. I have more enough space available. External hard drive is NTFS formatted. My internal hard drive has more than 150 GB free. Any suggestions?

—from answers.microsoft.com

Under this problem, there are many answers to it. Here I summarize three solutions as follows, just try them one by one to fix 0x80780119 error in Windows 7/8/10.

solution 1 Solution 1: Extend System Reserved Partition or Recovery Partition

As mentioned above, the partition size of system reserved partition or recovery partition is the main cause of Windows backup not enough space for shadow copy. Therefore, you should ensure there is enough disk space for the system image. How to fix 0x80780119 error?

In order to solve this issue well, it is suggested to extend system reserved partition or recovery partition with a third-party software. Here is a recommendation – MiniTool Partition Wizard. This partition manager owns six editions, among them, we highly advise you to use its Free Edition. This freeware is designed to resize partition and extend partition effectively. Just download MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition and have a try now.

Then install it on your computer to increase partition size in Windows 10/8/7. (Take system reserved partition as an example.) Follow the guide below:

Step 1: Right click on the system reserved partition and click "Extend" feature. Also, you can click "Extend Partition" from "Change Partition" menu in the action panel. This function is designed to extend partition with one simple click.

extend partition

Step 2: Then it is allowed to take free space from other partitions. You can drag the slider to ensure how much free space you want.


Step 3: At last, click "Apply" to execute this change. And then you can create a new system image successfully in Windows 7/8/10.

In addition, you also can use "Move/Resize" feature to increase your system reserved partition.

solution 2 Solution 2: Clear the USN Journal Files

The above content mentioned system reserved partition is the main factor in Windows, actually, it is because of the anomaly of Change Journal. As you know, Windows has a feature that can record the file change. In other words, NTFS file system maintains a particular record which is called the update sequence number (USN) that can make a record of changes to the volume. Once there is a change made to a file or directory on a volume, the USN change journal will be updated with a description of the change and the name.

However, a fault or malfunction may appear when doing some file or disk operations, which leads to Change Journal to be created on the system reserved partition. In this case, it takes up much space that is used to save the volume shadow copy files when creating a system image.

Please run Disk Management, and right click the system reserved partition to select "Properties" to check whether free space is less than 50MB or not. If it can't meet the requirement to create the volume shadow copy for the volume less than 500MB, Windows backup failed not enough disk space issue will appear.

system reserved

Therefore, it is necessary to clean the accumulated USN journal files which are saved to the system reserved partition.

Step-by-step guidance is here:

1. Firstly you need to open Disk Management by right clicking "My Computer" to select "Manage", or input "diskmgmt.msc" by pressing "Win + R" to run this manager.

2. Right click the system reserved volume and select "Change Drive Letter and Paths" to allocate it a letter. Here we choose "E" and then click "OK".

allocate drive letter

3. Next run cmd.

4. Type "fsutil usn query journal E:".

5. Then type "fsutil usn deletejournal /N /D E:".

6. At last, remove the drive letter from system reserved partition.

Just do like that, you will get 30-40 MB space inside the system reserved partition. Now you can create a system image successfully without receiving the error message in Windows 7/8/10.

solution 3 Solution 3: Change the Size of Recovery Partition

In Windows 8, the main factor is the recovery partition, just as the above content mentioned. Thus, in order to meet the requirement of free space that storing the shadow copy files when creating a system image, you should resize recovery partition. Let's see the requirements again.

backup not enough space

Look at an example:

From the following picture, you can see this recovery partition is 900MB, so please check whether its free space is more than 320MB or not. If it is less than 320MB, you need to resize the partition with "Extend Volume" feature in Disk Management. However, you may find this function is always grayed out, please refer to this post.

recovery partition

tip Tip:
If your recovery partition is 500MB and free space is 160MB, you can shrink this partition to 495MB, then free space is 155MB which meets the requirement.

How to Create a System Backup

If you have tried the above three solutions, you can go on making a system image without getting "not enough disk space to create the volume shadow copy" message. When system issue happens in Windows 7/8/10, you can restore it to the previous point.

In addition to Windows snap-in backup and restore tool, you can also use a piece of professional backup software. Here we will recommend MiniTool ShadowMaker to you. It can fully meet your backup needs since it enables you to do a system backup, partition backup, and disk backup. By means of it, Windows backup failed not enough disk space issue won't happen to you. As for an ideal backup solution, an automatic backup, incremental backup or differential backup should be supported. Fortunately, MiniTool ShadowMaker allows you to do these three backup types in Windows 10/8/7. How to create a system image backup with this freeware? Just download MiniTool ShadowMaker and install it on your computer.

Then, look at the steps now.

Step 1: Run MiniTool ShadowMaker and then decide to manage your local computer or another computer in the same LAN.

local backup

Step 2: In "Backup" tab, you need to choose the source drive and destination drive.

system backup

1. As for system backup, this backup software will choose all system drives in the current system to back up by default.
2. Usually, an external hard drive is a good choice to store the backup image file.
3. "Schedule" option is designed to set up an automatic backup and it adopts incremental backup for the new or changed data.

Step 3: Then, click "Back up Now" to start the system backup.

Want to learn more information about system backup and restore in Windows 7/8/10? Please refer to this post How Can You Make System Image Recovery in Windows 10.

In addition to creating a system image, you can choose to migrate the system to SSD/HDD to back up Windows. OS migration can be used directly and you only need to set to boot from the disk where Windows is installed in BIOS, which is convenient and you won't encounter such a problem. Also, you can use MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition to transfer system to another disk.

If you want to know more information about how to migrate system, please watch the video:

If you don't want experience Windows backup not enough space for shadow copy issue with 0x80780119 code again, just try MiniTool ShadowMaker or MiniTool Partition Wizard to back up your Windows OS. Hope they can help you.

Bottom Line

Now we come to the end of this post. We introduce you what Windows backup failed not enough disk space issue is, make an analysis to this issue, tell you how to fix 0x80780119 error, and finally give you a suggestion. You can easily solve such a problem by trying the above three solutions and one advice when failing to backup without enough disk space.

If you have any question towards to our software, please leave us a comment below or email us via [email protected]. What's more, as for the suggestion of this post, we are also appreciated. Thanks in advance.