The word "SATA" is usually related to hard drives. You may heard of words like SATA hard drive, SATA SSD, SATA HDD, M.2 SATA SSD, etc. Then, what does SATA stand for in these words? Some people may ask this question. In this post, MiniTool Partition Wizard will explain SATA meaning to you.
What Does SATA Stand For?
SATA (Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface. To explain it clearly, I assume a situation where, for example, you are going to buy a hard drive for your computer. In this case, you should do the following things:
1. Check what interface (Bus) your computer supports.
Bus is a standard usually related to the physical structure of an interface. As we all know, data transfer between two devices are completed via a common communication trunk composed of wires. Then, the Bus standard specifies things like the number of wires (pins) an interface uses, the layout of the wires, each wire's functionality, each wire's signal transfer method, etc.
Bus determines the upper limit of the interface speed (sometimes, it also determines the form factor of the interface). To check what Bus your PC supports, you need to follow the steps below:
- Open Device Manager.
- Expand IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers. Under this directory, if you see Serial ATA Controller, your computer supports SATA Bus and protocol.
2. Check the Physical Port
Why do you need to do this step? The reason is that some hard drives and computers use SATA Bus, but they don't use physical SATA port. A good example is M.2 SATA hard drive. This hard drive use SATA Bus but use M.2 port.
Because ordinary SATA hard drive and M.2 SATA hard drive use the same Bus (SATA) and protocol (AHCI), their speeds are the same.
Look at the above two pictures. The first picture is an ordinary SATA hard drive while the second picture is a M.2 SATA hard drive. From these pictures, you can see the physical difference between SATA and M.2.
This article explains deeply what SATA SSD and M.2 SSD are. It touches upon SATA Bus standard, PCI-E Bus standard, AHCI protocol, and NVMe protocol.
Pros and Cons of SATA
Although SATA has developed to SATA 3.4 version, the most widespread interface is SATA 3.0, whose speed is 600 MB/s. Compared to previous PATA interface, SATA interface has the following advantages:
- SATA Cables are thinner and flexible.
- SATA supports native hot swapping.
- Transfer rate is higher for SATA.
- SATA handles RAID in a better way.
- SATA is equipped with NCQ (Native Command Queuing).
- SATA provides an external interface.
However, since SATA 3.0 was released in 2008, it has been for more than 10 years. Nowadays, with the popularity of SSD, SATA 3.0 speed may not meet some users' demands. Some people wonder whether it's time to upgrade from SATA SSD to NVMe SSD.
In general, Bus determines protocol. Protocol is a data transfer method tailored for the Bus. With the protocol, the Bus can transfer data more effectively. The speed of a SATA 3.0 interface with AHCI protocol is 600 MB/s.
However, SATA Bus (SATA 3.0) and AHCI protocol are tailored for HDDs. They will limit the speed of an SSD. To take advantages of SSDs (flash memory), more and more SSDs are using the PCIe Bus, the NVMe protocol, and the M.2 form factor.
The speed of a PCIe 3 x 4 interface with NVMe protocol is 3.94 GB/s. If the NVMe protocol is not enabled, the speed will be much lower. Anyway, PCIe interface has faster speed than SATA interface.
Should you upgrade to NVMe hard drive now? It depends. In general, if you use your computer for daily use, office use, or gaming, SATA SSD is enough. But if you use your computer for video editing, special effects, or other special uses that need high write and read speeds, you should buy NVMe hard drives.