Following the advent of information age, computer has become an indispensable electronic product of our everyday life. Naturally, we may always fall into computer-relating problems; for example, we are informed that the disk doesn't have enough space to contain certain data. At this moment, we will habitually check the hard disk property, checking whether the hard disk has enough space. However, the result turns out to puzzle us as the hard disk clearly has enough space to contain the data while we are informed the disk has inadequate space. How could this circumstance be? As a matter of fact, this phenomenon is usually caused by the limitation of file system which differs in supported size of an individual file. For instance, FAT32 supports individual file of maximum 4GB while NTFS supports 64GB. Therefore, user could settle above-mentioned problem by changing file system and this operation would be perfectly processed by third-party partition magic such as MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition 7.0 which is totally free for home and personal users.
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What is file system?
File system refers to means and data structure of operating system for organizing files on disk or disk partitions. It is a system which organizes and allocates file storage device space and is responsible for reading/writing files and protecting and retrieving files written to disk. To be specific, it is in charge of creating, storing, reading, modifying, unloading files, access of control files and revoking unneeded files, etc. FAT32, NTFS, ext2, ext3 and ext4 are common file system.
Features of file systems
1. FAT32: FAT32 is for Windows operating system, supporting maximally 2TB volume, 8TB volume with 32KB cluster and individual file of 4GB at most.
2. NTFS: NTFS is for Windows operating system, supporting 2TB volume maximally and individual file of 64GB.
3. Ext2: Ext2 is used on Linux, supporting 2TB partition and maximum individual file of 2TB.
4. Ext3: Ext3 is for Linux, supporting 16TB partition and 2TB individual file.
5. Ext4: Ext4, utilized on Linux, is large file system supporting 1EB partition and 16TB individual file.